This rapid review used a systematic and transparent approach to select 30 articles for relevance and methodological rigour.

It aimed to answer the following questions:

  1. What is the effect of interventions encouraging people to switch from using cars to using public transport or active transport?
  2. Which groups are most likely to switch, and to what forms of transport?
  3. Is there evidence of unintended consequences of interventions to encourage mode shift?

This rapid evidence assessment was undertaken by NatCen Social Research on behalf of the Department for Transport.


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